FFE Journal - Fakes Forgeries Experts

Articles from FFE #10

FFE #10

The "Forero" Reprints of 25 January 1923

Class: Aero

Dieter Bortfeldt

The article is about the definition and identification of the unauthorized REPRINTS or Forgeries of the SCADTA Provisional surcharges by C.FORERO of 25 January 1923. 1.) The GENUINE Provisional Surcharges were only used at the end of 1921 and ALL SCADTA stamps of the first issue were demonetized on 1 March 1922. 2.) The GENUINE surcharges were applied by a RUBBER handstamp from a toy printing set - the Forero Reprints / Forgeries by means of a metal cliché. 3.) The FORERO Reprints - Forgeries are only found cancelled by a red datestamp of 25 January 1923 of Barranquilla. 4.) In addition to normal surcharges he produced 11 varieties or ERRORS and a large quantity of Mint stamps - there are more FORERO stamps known than GENUINE stamps of 1921. 5.) These Reprints - Forgeries are of much lesser value than the Genuine stamps of 1921 and the catalogues should be adjusted to that reason.

FFE #10

The Forgeries of Poonch

Class: TR

Wolfgang Hellrigl

The brief philatelic history of the Indian State of Poonch is detailed and the characteristics of the forgeries of the 1880-88 issues are examined, both as a whole issue, and then by each value in turn. Forged cancellations are also separately considered. The earlier forgeries were probably made during the late 1880s or 90s while there are more recent imitations which are also shown. The forgery of the 1876 issue is considerably later and its key features are listed. There appear to be no forgeries of the 1877 and 1879 stamps, as yet.

FFE #10

The Riel Essay

Class: TR

Charles J. G. Verge

The history of the Riel rebellions of 1869 and 1885 in Manitoba is briefly told and the 'Riel Essays' known in red, green and black are considered, both in particular in respect to an individual stamp attached to a newspaper submitted to the author for an opinion, and in general to the issue as a whole. The stamp provided for expertisation is accepted as genuine while it is shown that the newspaper to which it was attached does not belong. The origin of the issue is considered with the balance of probability pointing to a philatelic source in the 1890s rather than to the 'Postmaster General' Bannatyne. The author asks readers for further information on this rare and contentious woodcut essay.

FFE #10

The Riddle of the "Forty Saints" in Northern Epirus/Southern Albania

Class: TR

Andrew Cronin

The Forty Saints are Greek islands which came to philatelic prominence during the Balkan wars of 1912-13. The history of the official and bogus issues valid in the port of Aioi Saranta is retold with particular reference to the three cancellers used there at the time. All three cancellers appear genuinely to have been issued by the Greek authorities. Type II shows only genuine usage, but type I is used on the 'dubious' skull and crossbones issue and type III on the Argyrokastro issues. Despite a patina of respectability arising over time, the se usages remain dubious.

FFE #10

The Faked Swedish "Steinberg Covers"

Class: TR

Helena Obermülle-Wilén

More than 200 covers bearing classic Swedish material came to the market in Malmö in the early 1970s from a German named Steinberg. All are false. The majority are still on the market and the author has examined perhaps 120 of these covers. Cancellations and other postmarks are painted on, and are entirely false. Arrival marks are generally genuine, but altered. Using examples , the general characteristics of these covers are shown.

FFE #10

Some Brazilian Fakes and Forgeries

Class: TR

Paulo Comelli

Nine Brazilian 'bulls eye' covers are illustrated and described. All are false. Fraudulent additions of stamps and postmarks are described.

FFE #10

The Investigation of the Grinnel "Missionaries"

Class: TR

Patrick Pearson

There has been more written since 2004 on the subject of the Grinnell Hawaiian missionary stamps than in the entire previous history of the controversy. The author sets out the methodology of the investigation into these stamps by the expert committee of the Royal Philatelic Society of London in reaching its conclusion that the stamps are forgeries.

FFE #10

Are Your Stamps Genuine?

Class: TR

Iwan Feddersen

A SENSATIONAL INVENTION CAN REVEAL FORGERIES. Computer vision is competing with the eye A new patented Danish invention based on Multispectral imaging (MSI) has been implemented in unique instrument called VideometerLab. The instrument uses up to 20 different wavelengths from 370 nm to 1050 nm. (1 billion nanometers = 1 meter). In the near infrared wavelengths 780 nm to 1050 nm the light will go through the printing on the stamp and penetrate the surface to reveal structures that are not visible to the human eye under normal circumstances. The acquired image is made out of pixels with a dimension of 50 micrometer (1 million micrometer = 1 meter). Thus subtle details may be seen.

FFE #10

Colonial Pre-philately of the Viceroyalty of Peru

Class: PH

Jesùs Sitjà Prats

When we studied the set up dates of the post offices in the Viceroyalty of Peru (1769-1824), we realized that some letters from "Cristobal Francisco Rodriguez, General Manager of Temporalidades of Lima" file, had impossible dates; this means the letter date was previous that the establishment of the post office. We followed studying this file and found that some letters from different places have the same calligraphy, this means, wrote for the same person. After that, we compared the inks of strikes of these letters (the ones of writing ink) with the ink of documents of these post offices in the same dates, kept in Seville Archive, they do not match. We also compare the size of the strikes with genuine ones, we found slightly differences. At the end we realized the Cristobal Francisco Rodriguez, General Manager of Temporalidades of Lima" file was manipulated.

FFE #10

The Inward Combination Covers to Japan and Their Authenticity

Class: PH

jun Ichi Matsumoto

The postal matters to and from foreign countries were treated by the Foreign Post Offices located at Yokohama, etc. The origin of these Post Offices was the Consular Packet Agenciy operated for the benefit of foreign residents in Japan. When the addressee was residing at Yokohama or at other treaty ports, they could receive mail directly from the Foreign Post Office. But, when the mail was addressed to someone residing far from Yokohama, the letter had to be transported by the Japanese domestic postal service. Thence occurs the necessity of mixed franking or combination covers bearing the postage stamps of two different postal bodies which were varied for each individual postal section. Today, we know the existence of Inward Combination Covers; Franco - Japanese, Anglo - Japanese and U.S. - Japanese. They are scarce in number, only 19 in total. This rarity attracts special attention of philatelists and the market price becomes inevitably expensive. This situation arouses doubtful sentiment against these incoming combination covers. But when scientifically and logically examined, the above-related 19 examples are judged all authentic.

FFE #10

Expertised, but still not right

Class: TR

Michael Jäschke-Lantelme

With the help of a well known stamp, Michel #1.I on a German Post Office in China cover, the article shows which methods can be employed today as proof of forgery. Not everyone will be pleased that these latest test methods can unmask many well known "rarities" as fakes or forgeries, but it shows how important the use of such methods is when carrying out tests using the latest technical advances.

FFE #10

Mystery of the Brazilian Parahyba Provisional

Class: TR

Wolfgang Maassen

The articles presents new results of the historical research about the circumstances of the origin of the Brazilian Parahyba Provisional issue from May 1930. The author, Wolfgang Maassen, makes clear that the famous Parahyba provisional does not owe its existence to any philatelic influence. And for the first time he presents a complete listing of all known provisionals.

FFE #10

On Repaired Numerical Oval Bar Obliterations

Class: TR

J. Miranda da Mota

The article shows the different types of numerical oval bar obliterations in Portugal, known as characteristics of the second postal reform, the time context of usage of these postal marks in the correspondence and some repaired numerical oval bar obliterations in comparison with unrepaired marks of the same post office. It's made evident the macroscopic characteristics of the authentic black ink used to apply obliterations and the black ink used to repair these obliterations. It's also pointed out the computer part, as additional diagnostic way, to determine the quantitative composition of colours, both in RGB and CMYK.

FFE #10

Principality of Montenegro, Overprint Forgeries

Class: TR

Dr. Jovan Velickovic

Montenegro celebrated two events with commemorative stamps, 400 years of printing in Montenegro (1893) , so called Прослава Штампарије, and its first Constitution, Устав, in 1905. For both events current stamps were overprinted locally in Cetinje. Primitive overprint settings , black and red overprints and basic stamps resulting from four printings, 1880, 1890, 1893 and 1894, produced an abundance of genuine varieties among which forged overprints can hardly be identified. Four forged overprints were established, from minute details of some letters. For the 1905 issue current stamps were taken , all uniform, however the overprinting plates of 100 contained five different types. Several types of detected forged overprints mostly appear on stamps with double and inverted overprints, one genuine the second fake, or on overprint "essays".

FFE #10

From the Robson Lowe Reference Collection

Class: TR

Carl Walske

A Nova Scotia cover and a Mexico wrapper originating from the Burrus collection is presented and discussed. Both were once believed genuine, but subsequently found to be manipulated. For the Mexican wrapper a rare stamp was consumed to produce a fake.

FFE #10

How to Discern Flown Covers from not Flown Covers

Class: TR

Igor Rodin

The article is concerned with five space flights where the Soviet operated jointly with another country: Hungary (1980), Vietnam (1980), Cuba (1980), France (1982), and India (1984). For each flight it is indicated which postmarks were only used on-board the vessel - so indicating a flown cover - and which postmarks were also used for ground mail. The article is extensively illustrated.

FFE #10

Postal Deception in Imperial Austria 1850-1863/64

Class: TR

Dr. ulrich Ferchenbauer

This extensively illustrated article discusses, by example, items without, or with no certain evidence of, fraudulent intent: (1) Underpaid letters, (2) Use of stamps in wrong currency, (3) Use of already invalid stamps, (4) Use of foreign stamps, (5) Mistaken use of newspaper stamps for letter postage, (6) Use of revenue stamps for postage, (7) Bisects and trisects. - Also items with obviously fraudulent intent: (1) Heavy to extremely heavy cut into items, (2) Use of previously used stamps, (3) Use of joined together or incomplete stamps, (4) Use of newspaper stamps as postage stamps, (5) Use of St. Andrews Cross as postage stamp, (6) Postal forgeries.

FFE #10

Comments on the Rise and Fall of a Printed Piece of Paper

Class: TR

Heinz ErwinJungjohann

The article describes the unfortunate case of certain exhibition covers from the 1934 philatelic exhibition in Katowice. The covers had printed on them, in various colours, natural sized illustrations of contemporary Polish stamps. Subsequently cut-outs from such covers have surfaced as essays, proofs, etc. - at times even supplied with a certificate from a misled expert!

FFE #10

A Beautiful Letter from Riga, but...

Class: TR

Harry von Hoffmann

The article describes a WW2 'Feldpost'-letter, which was just too nice to be genuine. E.g. it was not possible for civilians to post mail from a field post office - plus six other important details.

FFE #10

Opinions on Tolerable Restorarion. Views on the Prof. John West Paper

Class: TR

Carl Aage Møller

The article discusses a possible conflict between collector's aesthetics and exhibition rules on one hand and the needs of philatelic science and postal history documentation on the other. By authoritative and convincing examples from Schleswig-Holstein'ian philately concern is expressed that misguided aesthetics should not lead to exclusion, devaluation and eventually the likely destruction of important philatelic objects, - e.g. entires where the fine aesthetics of the stamps are contrasted by a lamentable condition of the covers.

FFE #10

Producer Of Forgeries Of The Early Japanese Postage Stamps

Class: TR

Mamoru Sawa

This article concerns forgeries of early Japanese stamps from the Dragon, Cherry Blossom and Koban issues. The article presents a thorough examination of two of the top producers of forgeries, Wada Kotaro, top maker of forgeries in the Meiji Era, and Maeda Kihei, founder of the Kamigata-ya shop. The world renown Wada Kotaro produced, marketed and distributed forgeries of early Japanese postage stamps, as did the Kamigata-ya shop. Among other things, the Kamigata-ya dealt in forgeries of the Koban 45 sen stamps, and some Cherry Blossom stamps.