FFE Journal - Fakes Forgeries Experts

Articles from FFE #12

Fig 2

FFE #12

Guard against forged covers

Class: TR

Li Shuguang

Philatelists should learn how forgers try to trick them, based on stamps from The People's Republic of China, the author describes how forgers fabricate, graft, alter and plagiarise to trap collectors. Knowledge of the historical and philatelic record can detect many forgeries of military covers, but today's forgers are getting cleverer, and philatelists need to study literature on forgeries in order to stay ahead. Beware of covers made by using illustrations from magazines and catalogues used to synthesize forged items.

Fig 2

FFE #12

From the Robson Lowe reference collection

Class: TR

Carl Walske

Adrian Albert Jürgens was a South African collector who late in life improved many covers with forged cancellations and bisected postage stamps. The article illustrates three such covers.

Fig 20 Unflown V12 / V13 card

FFE #12

Friedrich Schmiedl Rocket mail

Class: TR

Walter Hopferwieser

The author describes rocket mail sent by Friedrich Schmiedel illustrating 24 items initiated by him. The text describes how forgeries may be distinguished from genuine items.

Fig 1

FFE #12

Forged Norwegian Covers

Class: TR

Hans J. Enger

Two previously unknown forgeries of Norwegian covers from the 1860s are illustrated, one to France with incorrect postage and stamps which do not belong, and the other with redrawn cancels.

Fig 21

FFE #12

Serbia, 1869/1880, The Prince Milan issue, Fakes and Forgeries

Class: TR

Dr. Jovan Velickovic

Forged stamps from this issue are known for all values. The article describes forged perforations, complete forgeries, fake and fantasy cancellations and faked covers, and usages on newspaper are illustrated and described.

Fig 3

FFE #12

A new forgery of the Swedish printing error 20/TRETIO

Class: TR

Helena Obermüller-Wilén

Fournier forged stamps showing the 20/tretio error of 19 December 1879 exist. In 2008 a new forgery appeared which is more dangerous and is illustrated here.

Fig 16A

FFE #12

Forged and bogus postal markings of Mongolia

Class: TR

Wolfgang Hellrigl

Forgeries for stamps and covers from Mongolia before 1939 are omnipresent. There are forged cancellations and bogus markings. The article presents an overview of these both illustrated and described in detail.

Fig 4

FFE #12

Iceland 5 Aurar oval issue: black prints - not a fake but new discovery

Class: TR

Orla Nielsen & Ebbe Eldrup

The five aurar black prints of Iceland are illustrated and discussed. The authors suggest that the Facit catalogue adds to the description of the Berne reprints from 1904 that black prints exist of the five aurar on thick and thin paper without watermark. The authors conclude that black prints without the split EAST frame are proofs for the Berne reprints probably produced during the reprinting in 1904.

Fig 2A

FFE #12

The expert committee of the RPS and the changing face of forgeries

Class: TR

Patrick Pearson

Patrick Pearson, Chairman of the Expert Committee of the Royal Philatelic Society London, describes the work and working practices of the Committee together with its forensic equipment.

Fig 9

FFE #12

The bogus surcharges of the island of Castellorizo

Class: TR

Andrew Cronin

Turkish stamps surcharged during the period March-September 1913 are reviewed and covers, stamps and pieces are illustrated. The conclusion sums up the available data by suggesting that the catalogues which ignore these surcharges are thoroughly justified.

Fig 2

FFE #12

"Degron-kun covers" or Franco-Japanese mixed franked covers

Class: TR

Jun Ichi Matsumoto

Information provided on the Degron-kun covers in FFE 11 is updated in this article together with illustrations of the seven hand stamps, three covers and an update of previous statistics covering 91 known items, broken down into types, colours, years and senders.

Fig 5

FFE #12

Implications of impossible

Class: TR

Morten J. Lintrup

The author examines Belgium's 1915 Red Cross semi-postals printed by Waterlow Bros. and Leighton Ltd., often referred to as the Albert I large medallion series. The issue is described and 'impossible' items discussed together with recommendations for additions to the COB/OCB official catalogue listing of Belgium's World War I Red Cross issues.

Fig 9

FFE #12

Expertizing "Muraokuri" sheet of Japan

Class: TR

Kazuyuki Inoue

The Muraokuri courier system was introduced on Shiakoko Island in 1584. Between 1 June 1872 and 15 November 1874 local stamps were issued by the Kochi prefectural government, also called Muraokuri. In 1917 an article appeared with photographs of three Muraokuri stamps. In 1941 a photograph in red showing 18 stamps appeared in "The Yubin Kitte". The article refers to the appearance of the original of this sheet in 2003 and its subsequent expertising. This sheet is identical with that published in 1941 and will aid the plating of these stamps in future.

FFE #12

Can Plastic Films Damage My Stamps?

Class: TR

Ib Krarup, comments by John West

The author, formerly production manager for a plastics company, reviews the use of PVC hard film pockets for long-term storage of stamps. The chemical attributes are discussed, and advises against all uses of PVC for long-term storage of stamps. Polypropylene, polyethylene, polyester, polystyrene, glassine and cellophane are discussed with reference to an article in Philatelie, a German magazine, as is an article by Professor John West.

Fig 6

FFE #12

Hollands track-boat markings a conundrum solved

Class: TR

Kees Adema

The hand stamps for the carriage of mail from Amsterdam to The Hague and Rotterdam for the postilion and track boat service are illustrated and described. A definite forgery of the 2S Schuyt marking is described and the two types of this mark are discussed. Using x-ray fluorescent spectroscopy (XRF) is explained in examining letters from 1693 and 1695 with the conclusion that the marks and paper were genuine. The 3S hand stamps applied only in Amsterdam are illustrated. Further investigation of the ink using Raman spectroscopy was used to demonstrate that the previous results were wrong since the ink contained an artificial blackening agent rather than 17th century pigments.

Fig 2c

FFE #12

Colombia - 3rd issue of 1861 notes on forgeries

Class: TR

Dieter Bortfeldt

Forgeries of the third issue of Columbia of 1861 are reviewed. Forgeries by Sperati, Fournier, Senf and Schroeder are considered and illustrated together with their characteristic features.

FFE #12

An guideline for the expert group at work af FIP world stamp exhibitians

Class: TR

Tay Peng Hian & Lim Sa Bee

An operational guideline for the use by expert groups at FIP and continental exhibitions is described together with advice on procedures, forms and other paperwork together with a four-day timetable for the process.

September 17

FFE #12

Covers from South Bulgaria - a rare variety of Balkan postal history

Class: TR

Thomas Hitzler

A brief history of the south Bulgarian ′Lions′ overprints together with illustrations of faked and genuine covers is given. Genuine covers and postcards correctly used, cancellations by favour on genuine overprints and genuine cancellations by favour on faked Lions overprints are explained and illustrated together with faked cancellation on both genuine and faked Lions overprints. Finally, the manipulation of a genuine cover is shown. The postal history is described up until the end of September 1885.

Fig 3

FFE #12

A lucky reunion - and how patience pays off

Class: TR

Carl Aage Møller

A cover bearing a pair of Holstein No. 1 sent to Christiansfeld in Schleswig and lacking a stamp is shown. The discovery of the missing stamp and its positioning on the only cover known sent to the Duchy of Schleswig is described. A remarkable reunion of a very rare cover expertised by Carl Aage Møller.

Fig 12

FFE #12

The Misuse of the Datestamp Bauschowitz a.d. Eger/Bohusovice n.OHRI, Ub: g

Class: TR

Hans-Hermann Paetow

Forged examples resulting from the misuse of the date stamp Bauschowitz a.d. Eger/Bohusovice n.Ohri, Ub: g are reviewed and illustrated together with the eleven registered strikes. The letter 'g' cancellor was in private hands between April-May 1945 and possibly 1947 resulting in a very large number of forged items.

Fig 5

FFE #12

Fake 1932 Paraguayan Chaco war covers

Class: TR

Roberto C. Eaton K.

Faked covers from the Paraguayan-Chaco War from 1932 are illustrated and described and any use of postmarks from the Paraguayan Posta Militair prior to 1933 is a fake.

FFE #12

Not only holes

Class: TR

Wista

The use of perforation by Wista involving differently shaped security holes in conjunction with standard perforations is described.

Fig 5

FFE #12

A reappraisal of the status and usage on the surcharged queen Victorian postal stationery of Ceylon - Part Two - The 1885 local 10 cent surcharges

Class: TR

Alan Huggins & Kurt E. Kimmel

Alan Huggins and Kurt Kimmel continue the reappraisal of surcharged Queen Victoria postal stationery of Ceylon began in FFE 11. Bogus and philatelic items are illustrated and described together with the history of the known items. A useful bibliography supplements the piece.

Fig 1

FFE #12

Forged Swedish stamps 2004-2008

Class: TR

Ingvar Larsson

A large-scale fraud of Swedish post stamps involving ten issues between 2004 and 2008 are described and illustrated. The genuine and false stamps are compared, and the size and distribution of the fraud are estimated.