FFE Journal - Fakes Forgeries Experts

Articles from FFE #8

Mystery of Brazilian Parahyba provisional

FFE #8

Mystery of Brazilian Parahyba provisional

Class: Aero

Wolfgang Maassen

Taking off from an aggravating change in the renowned MICHEL Zeppelin and airmail catalogue 2002, which discontinued the listing of Brazil's famous "Parahyba provisional", the author, W. Maassen, traces the early history of this provisional, so important in aerophilately. By analysis of existing literature he documents its sources back to the year 1932 and discusses in this first part of a study the typical circumstances and conditions in Brazil in the early 1930's, by way of which he refutes objections previously raised by I. Lukanc and recently repeated by D. Leder to question the authenticity of the Parahyba provisional. keywords: airmail, aerophilately, provisional, overprint, Zeppelin, Parahyba, Brazil

Faked postage due and registration usage of the Chinese imerial 3rd issue postcards

FFE #8

Faked postage due and registration usage of the Chinese imerial 3rd issue postcards

Class: PST

Yu-An Chen

The 3rd issues of Chinese Imperial Postcards are always hot items to the Chinese Postal Card collectors. Among the 3rd issues, the Postal Due and Registration usage are very rare and quite expensive, that made these items become the targets of forgers. The content of this article is to reveal the tricks of these forgers. Hope collectors would pay more attention and keep away from those forgeries. Key words: Forgeries of the Chinese Imperial Postcards

New forgeries of Colombian prephilatelic postal markings

FFE #8

New forgeries of Colombian prephilatelic postal markings

Class: PH

Dieter Bortfeldt

The article shows and explains a new type of Colombian Forgeries of pre-philatelic letters. Original entires without any postal markings from the Spanish Royal Mail period of 1775 to 1820 are marked with handpainted Bogus / Fantasy Colonial postal markings not recorded before. The enlargements of the details show clearly this "work of art" of the unknown forger.

Swan of duckling in Belgian philately

FFE #8

Swan of duckling in Belgian philately

Class: TR

Morten Johan Linstrup

The real date of issue for 5(+5) c Small Medallion (COB129) is shown to be, most likely, 6 October 1914, i.e. not 3 Oct 1914. (b) A seemingly non-philatelic use of 10(+10) c Small Medallion (COB130), imperforate left, is shown. (c) A cover with a forged 10(+10) c Mérode monument used - probably inadvertently - to harm the Post is shown. It is claimed that postal use of such forgeries is an overlooked particular in Belgian postal history. It is further speculated that such objects may be the earliest case to be found of forgeries to harm philatelists actually being used to harm the Post. Key Words: Belgium, Red Cross, Mérode monument, Mérode forgery, postal use of forgery

FIP and philatelic expertising

FFE #8

FIP and philatelic expertising

Class: Other

Tay Peng Hian

The FIP Expert Team was in action since 1990, to check for any forged items in FIP exhibitions. This article tells how the Expert Team functions, and the effect of their actions that have created more awareness of the exhibitors in buying. Key words: Detection of forged philatelic items at FIP exhibitions.

Iceland 1924, 10 Kr./1 Kr. Provisional with double overprint, facit catalouge no 123V.

FFE #8

Iceland 1924, 10 Kr./1 Kr. Provisional with double overprint, facit catalouge no 123V.

Class: TR

Carl Aage Møller

The only known Kr. 10/1 Kr. Provisional from Iceland is a FORGERY. The article illustrates why.

42 Penny black block

FFE #8

42 Penny black block

Class: TR

A.I.E.P

The AIEP board, refering to the news announced by Mr Paolo Vaccari and widely diffused by the Press, about discovering of a block 42 Penny Black.

SuperB on-peice forgeries

FFE #8

SuperB on-peice forgeries

Class: Other

Heikki Reinkainen

The article 'Superb on piece forgeries' deals with forgeries consisting of usually two or more stamps of various colours on piece or clipping instead of full cover forgeries found in growing quantities in the marketplace.

Questionable items of Bulgaria, Romania and Russia

FFE #8

Questionable items of Bulgaria, Romania and Russia

Class: TR

Andrew Cronin

Four separate sections to the article, covering Bulgaria and the Russian area.

Clandestine "Ceres" stamps from Portugal

FFE #8

Clandestine "Ceres" stamps from Portugal

Class: PH

J. Miranda da Mota

The article aims at examining thoroughly the characteristics and description of the perforated clandestine Ceres stamps from Portugal. Aspects about the genuine portuguese Ceres issues are referred to frame the subject. A special attention to the characteristics and particularities of the clandestine stamps perforation have been done in order to identifie it in comparison to the genuine ones, both with the 15x14 and with the 12x11 1/2 perforation. The article finish with a list of the clandestine Ceres stamps: face value, colour, perforation, type of gravure (with or without retouch), paper, and the correspondent issue of the genuine ones.

I accuse of Fraud Belgian Rural postmen between 1849 and 1860

FFE #8

I accuse of Fraud Belgian Rural postmen between 1849 and 1860

Class: PH

Leo De Clercq

" The Belgian rural postman developped a difficult to intercept system of fraud. Collected letters to distribute during the same rural round must been taxed with a minimum of 10 centimes. The received taxes of such letters are to be inscribed on the way bill. It is impossible to prove today if that is didden correctly. On the other hand, from the first years of the use of stamps: 1849-1860, I discovered rural franked letters from wich the mint stamp was taken off. In the place of them have been placed used stamps. To dissimulate the fraud these stamps have been spoiled with ink by the rural postmen . When I found in one rural archive fifteen such letters, in all the country have been thousands of them." Key Words: Belgium - Medaillons, Fraud by rural postmen, Belgium - Rural post

A wake up call for Australian philately

FFE #8

A wake up call for Australian philately

Class: PH

Bernie Beston

The faking of Official perforation on Postal Stationery of the Australian States and the Commonwealth of Australia, especially Newspaper wrappers. Key Words: Perfins; Newspaper wrappers; Australian States; Commonwealth of Australia.

Forgerires to decieve the Canadian post office

FFE #8

Forgerires to decieve the Canadian post office

Class: PH

Richard Gratton

As in most countries, in Canada there exist numerous forgeries to deceive the post. They are sought after by specialist collectors and enthusiasts for fakes and postal frauds. Since I have been often approached by the Security Service of the Canadian Post and by the Royal Canadian Mountain Police ( RCMP ) as an expert consultant in their enquiries about certain forgeries, I think it will be of interest if I share some information with the readers of Fakes Forgeries Experts (FFE) and my colleagues in the International Association of Experts in Philately (A.I.E.P.) This article list all Canadian forgeries know to defraud the Canadian postal system. Key Words: CANADIAN POSTAL FORGERIES, POSTAL FRAUDS

The ‘Brighton’ Forgeries of Jammu and Kashmir

FFE #8

The "Brighton" Forgeries of Jammu and Kashmir

Class: TR

Wolfgang Hellrigl

The so-called 'Brighton' forgeries were produced between 1902 and 1907 by Harold Treherne. The forgeries were made by photographically transferring the design of the originals to a zinc printing plate. The Brighton forger imitated numerous stamps of the Indian States, and British Colonies, but his earliest and most famous forgeries are those of Jammu and Kashmir. The author tells the story of these imitations and adds a very detailed check list of the numerous Brighton forgeries of Jammu and Kashmir.

New dangerous forgeries and Czech philately

FFE #8

New dangerous forgeries and Czech philately

Class: TR

Frantisek Benes

The article introduces new dangerous forgeries of Czechoslovak as well as foreign stamps that appeared on the Czechoslovak market after 1989, very often in connection with the import of stamps from abroad to the Czech lands. The article discusses repaired stamps from the U.S. collections, as well as various stamps printed in the 1970s from misused original stocks or plates. However, its main theme is the recent discovery of dangerous forgeries of overprints on the stamps of Czechoslovakia, Germany, Wrtenberg, Danzig and Saare, Zara, Elsass and Vilnius. The forgeries of the 1932 German stamp with the overprint flaw 12 + 3 Rdf are also discussed. Many of the forgeries have certificates of genuineness from both former Czech and foreign experts. The article is supplemented by a brief history of stamp collecting and organized philately in the Czech lands since the 1870s, and comments on a changing profile of Czech stamp market. Key Words: Czech philately - Forgeries of stamps - Overprints - Czechoslovak stamps - German stamps

Fakes of the Swiss telegraph stamps

FFE #8

Fakes of the Swiss telegraph stamps

Class: TR

Kurt E. Kimmel

Faked cancellations on Swiss Telegraph stamps exist due to the fact that huge remainders of mint sheets were sold in 1887 and cancelled after their validity period (Dec 31, 1886) partly using the original cancelling devices. Thanks to the carefully kept records of dates and condition upon receipt when these were returned to the PTT in Berne, in most cases we can prove if the Swiss Telegraph stamps were cancelled during their validity period or not. If this was done fraudulently afterwards, we have to call them fakes even if the Telegraph stamps are original and the cancellation done with the same canceller as used during the validity period. Genuine and faked ones with the same cancellation are illustrated in order to teach the reader how to detect the fakes. Key Words: Swiss Telegraph stamps Remainders Faked cancellations Albert Auberson PTT Records "Stempelkontrolle"

This is a dangerous forgery of the special cancellation used on the Allahabad to Naini Junction flight on the 18th February 1911. It is backstamped Allahabad 18 FE 11 and Bombay Fort 20 FE 11, both forgeries. The genuine Allahabad cancellation of this period has a series of breaks in the outer rings. This is a doctored half anna postal stationary envelope which never went through any post-flown or otherwise.

FFE #8

Allahabad - Naini flight 1911 forged post mark of world´s first official airmail

Class: Aero

Pradip Jain

A special Postmark was applied on the historical world's first official airmail flight on 18th Feb. 1911 from Allahabad to Naini. The forgery of this famous Postmark also exist.

Fakes and forgeries of Slovenia 15 and 20 kronen

FFE #8

Fakes and forgeries of Slovenia 15 and 20 kronen

Class: TR

Per Friis Mortensen

Description of the "Padevet forgeries" and the "Sunday printings".

Review of the "Degron-kun Covers". French/Japanese combination covers

FFE #8

Review of the "Degron-kun Covers". French/Japanese combination covers

Class: TR

Jun Ichi Matsumoto

Definition and description covers with mixed frankings

On the expertising of Postage Stamps. Advice for collectors with historical review on forgeries and experts

FFE #8

On the expertising of Postage Stamps. Advice for collectors with historical review on forgeries and experts

Class: TR

Prof. Dr. Ulrich Ferchenbauer

Description of various types of forgeries, improvements etc. Methods of expertising, signing, identification of false stamps and description of quality. English and German text.

 Falsification of the so-called "St. Gottard Post Card"

FFE #8

Falsification of the so-called "St. Gottard Post Card"

Class: TR

Georges Schild

The history about the faked Jubilee post card, printed by Sachs and Homberger, Zurich and sold by Pieper, Berlin.

The "300 LIEPAJA 300" special postmark also forged

FFE #8

The "300 LIEPAJA 300" special postmark also forged

Class: TR

Harry von Hoffman

The "300 LIEPAJA 300" special postmark also forged.

Great Britain King George VI letterpress postal stationery impressions

FFE #8

Great Britain King George VI letterpress postal stationery impressions

Class: Other

Alan Huggins

Illustrates and describes the philatelically produved Great Britain, King George VI letterpress stamped to order postal stationery dies struck on various colured paper which are often offered as proofs.

Notes on the "Green Post" of 1921

FFE #8

Notes on the "Green Post" of 1921

Class: TR

Heinz Erwin Jungjohann

More frequently on the philatelic market, especially in Internet, counterfeits of the stamps of Ghetto Litzmannstadt (Lodz) appear. Some of these fabrications, also on entires, are described. One should be warned of purchasing. The history of the so-called insurrection-fieldpost, Green Post, Upper Silesia 1920 is discussed critically and the handling of the theme in catalogues. Last a pr ocedure for expertizing of non-official issues will be introduced.